A building or edifice is a man-made structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory.Buildings come in a variety of shapes, sizes and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a wide number of factors, from building materials available, to weather conditions, to land prices, ground conditions, specific uses and aesthetic reasons. To better understand the term building compare the list of non-building structures.
1. Ada Bridge
The Ada Bridge (Serbian: Мост на Ади / Most na Adi) or alternatively Sava Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the Sava river in Belgrade, Serbia. The bridge crosses the tip of Ada Ciganlija island, connecting the municipalities of Čukarica and New Belgrade. The bridge pylon is located on the tip of the island, which has been reinforced with large amounts of concrete and has been slightly enlarged to provide stronger foundations. Construction began in 2008, and the bridge opened on 1 January 2012.Adjoining roads were completed in 2013.
2. The Palm Jumeirah
The Palm Jumeirah is an artificial archipelago in United Arab Emirates, created using land reclamation by Nakheel, a company owned by the Dubai government, and designed and developed by Helman Hurley Charvat Peacock/Architects, Inc. It is one of three planned islands called the Palm Islands (Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali and Palm Deira) which would have extended into the Persian Gulf, increasing Dubai’s shoreline by a total of 520 kilometres (320 mi). The Palm Jumeirah is the smallest and the original of three Palm Islands originally under development by Nakheel. It is located on the Jumeirah coastal area of the emirate of Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
3. Deriner Dam
Deriner Dam (Turkish: Deriner Barajı) is a concrete double-curved arch dam on the Çoruh River 5 km (3.1 mi) east of Artvin in Artvin Province, Turkey. The main purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production and additionally flood control. Construction on the dam began in 1998, the reservoir began to fill in February 2012 and the power station was completed by February 2013.It will have a 670 MW power house and is the tallest dam in Turkey.The dam is being implemented by Turkey’s State Hydraulic Works and constructed by a consortium of Turkish, Russian and Swiss companies.
The dam is named after İbrahim Deriner, who died while serving as the Chief Engineer of its research team.
4. Ryugyong Hotel
The Ryugyong Hotel is a 105-story pyramid-shaped skyscraper under construction in Pyongyang, North Korea. Its name (“capital of willows”) is also one of the historical names for Pyongyang.The building is also known as the 105 Building, a reference to its number of floors.Construction began in 1987 but was halted in 1992 as North Korea entered a period of economic crisis after the fall of the Soviet Union.
After 1992 the building stood topped out, but without any windows or interior fittings. In 2008 construction resumed. In 2011, the exterior was completed. The opening of the hotel has been scheduled several times but postponed.
5. The Panama Canal
The Panama Canal (Spanish: Canal de Panamá) is a 77.1-kilometre (48 mi) ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade. There are locks at each end to lift ships up to Gatun Lake, an artificial lake created to reduce the amount of excavation work required for the canal, 26 metres (85 ft) above sea level. The current locks are 33.5 metres (110 ft) wide. A third, wider lane of locks is currently under construction and is due to open in 2016.
1. The Leaning Buildings of Santos Name of tower speak for itself!!!
The coastline along the city of Santos, some 80 km from Sao Paulo, in Brazil, offers a strange sight. Like dominoes about to topple, the waterfront is lined by a string of high rise apartments that are unmistakably tilted to one side.
2. Kiremitliktepe Ski Jump It was built and designed to collapse, what a shame!!!
The construction of the ski jumping center was part of a project of the Ministry of Youth and Sports and the Turkey Ski Federation that was needed for the realization of the 2011 Winter Universiade in Erzurum. The ski jumping facility was designed in modernist style by the Slovene architecture firm Atelje S, partner of the co-contractor MANA Original company from the same country, which won the project’s international request for tender along with the Turkish Sarıdağlar construction company in March 2008.
3. Žižkov Television Tower Extremely bizarre building with black crawling babies, and completely missed design for the town such as Prague!!!
The structure of the tower is unconventional, based on a triangle whose corners are growing up in steel columns, consisting of three tubes with a double steel wall, filled with concrete. They support nine ‘pods’ and three decks for transmitting equipment. One of the three pillars extends considerably higher than the others, and this provides both the necessary height for some antennas, along with the structure’s rocket and gantry appearance. In its time it was a unique technology, which authors have patented. In total, the tower stands 216 metres (709 feet) high.
4. Eastern Gate of Belgrade
Eastern Gate of Belgrade (Istočna kapija grada or Rudo Buildings, named after a Bosnian Town) is a complex of three large buildings, each with from 27 to 28 floors and over 100 meters in height and is located in Konjarnik (an urban neighbourhood of Belgrade).
They all have a large base of 4 storeys and above it 6 blocks of 4 storey, step-like stacked on the huge base. Build in 1976 they represent what is commonly called “communist architecture” or “socialist realism”.
The building had from beginning amenities like heating, plumbing, running water and electricity. Now they have cable TV and internet. But one problem of projects like this, is that the infrastructure often is neglected.
5. The Velasca Tower
The Velasca Tower is part of the first generation of Italian modern architecture, while still being part of the Milanese context in which it was born, to which also belongs the Milan cathedral and the Sforzesco Castle.
The tower, approximately 100 metres tall, has a peculiar and characteristic mushroom-like shape.
It stands out in the city skyline, made of domes, buildings and other towers. Its structure recalls the Lombard tradition, made of medieval fortresses and towers, each having a massive profile. In such fortresses, the lower parts were always narrower, while the higher parts propped up by wooden boards or stone beams.
As a consequence, the shape of this building is the result of a modern interpretation of the typical Italian medieval castle.