Since the early 1980s the FIA have required that Formula One entrants own the intellectual rights to the chassis that they enter, and so the terms “entrant” and “constructor”, and hence also “team”, have become synonymous.
Before this time, constructors were free to sell their chassis to as many other teams as they liked. Brabham and Lotus chassis were used extensively by other teams during the 1960s and 1970s and several quite competitive teams never built their own chassis. Rob Walker Racing Team was the most successful example, being responsible for the first victories in Formula One for both Cooper and Lotus. The concept of a “works” or “factory” team (i.e. the official team of the company producing the cars, as opposed to a customer team which buys them off the shelf) therefore applied to chassis in the same way as it does in rallying and sports car racing.
1. Ferrari Engine: Ferrari
Scuderia Ferrari (pronounced [skudeˈria ferˈrari]) is the racing team division of the Ferrari automobile marque. The team races primarily in Formula One but has competed in other series in motorsport since its formation in 1929, including sportscar racing. It is the oldest surviving and the most successful team in the history of Formula One, having competed in every world championship since 1950, the only team to do so.
The team was founded by Enzo Ferrari, initially to race cars produced by Alfa Romeo, though by 1947 Ferrari had begun building its own cars. Among its important achievements outside Formula One are winning the World Sportscar Championship, 24 Hours of Le Mans, 24 Hours of Daytona, 12 Hours of Sebring, races for Grand tourer cars and racing on road courses of the Targa Florio, the Mille Miglia and the Carrera Panamericana.
As a constructor, Ferrari has a record 16 Constructors’ Championships, the last of which was won in 2008. Alberto Ascari, Juan Manuel Fangio, Mike Hawthorn, Phil Hill, John Surtees, Niki Lauda, Jody Scheckter, Michael Schumacher and Kimi Räikkönen have won a record 15 Drivers’ Championships for the team.
2. McLaren Racing Engine: Honda
McLaren Racing Limited, competing as McLaren Honda, is a British Formula One team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Formula One constructor but has also competed and won in the Indianapolis 500 and Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am). The team is the second oldest active team after Ferrari. They are one of the most successful teams in Formula One history, having won 182 races, 12 drivers’ championships and eight constructors’ championships. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of McLaren Technology Group.
Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest initial success was in Can-Am, where they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their first Formula One constructors’ championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the drivers’ championship in 1974 and 1976, respectively; 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris’ Marlboro cigarette brand.
3. Williams Martini Racing Engine: Mercedes
Williams Grand Prix Engineering Limited, currently racing in Formula 1 as Williams Martini Racing, is a British Formula One motor racing team and constructor. It is founded and run by team owner Sir Frank Williams and automotive engineer Sir Patrick Head. The team was formed in 1977 after Frank Williams’ two earlier unsuccessful F1 operations: Frank Williams Racing Cars (1969 to 1975) and Walter Wolf Racing (1976). All of Williams F1 chassis are called “FW” then a number, the FW being the initials of team owner, Frank Williams.
Williams’s first race was the 1977 Spanish Grand Prix, where the new team ran a March chassis for Patrick Nève. Williams started manufacturing its own cars the following year, and Switzerland’s Clay Regazzoni won Williams’s first race at the 1979 British Grand Prix. At the 1997 British Grand Prix, Canadian Jacques Villeneuve scored the team’s 100th race victory, making Williams one of only three teams in Formula One, alongside Ferrari and fellow British team McLaren, to win 100 races. Williams won nine Constructors’ Championships between 1980 and 1997. This stood as a record until Ferrari surpassed it in 2000.
4. Red Bull Racing Engine: Renault
Red Bull Racing is an Austrian Formula One racing team based in Milton Keynes, England. It is one of two teams owned by beverage company Red Bull GmbH, along with Scuderia Toro Rosso. The team won four successive Constructors’ Championship titles, in 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013, becoming the first Austrian licensed team to win the title.The team also produced the quadruple world champion driver of 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013, Sebastian Vettel. The team is managed by Christian Horner. The team has used Renault engines since 2007, and has a contract to do so until 2016.In November 2012, it was announced that Infiniti would become the team’s title sponsor from the 2013 season onwards, with the team to be known as Infiniti Red Bull Racing.
5. Mercedes Engine: Mercedes
Mercedes-Benz are currently involved in Formula One, running the Mercedes AMG Petronas Formula One Team, a Formula One racing team, based in Brackley, United Kingdom, using a German licence. Mercedes-Benz had competed in the pre-war European Championship winning three titles, and debuted in Formula One in 1954, running a team for two years.
After winning their first race at the 1954 French Grand Prix, driver Juan Manuel Fangio won another three grands prix to win the 1954 Drivers’ Championship, and repeated this success in 1955 when he won the second title for Mercedes-Benz. Despite winning two championships, Mercedes-Benz withdrew from motor racing in response to the 1955 Le Mans disaster, and did not return to Formula 1 until rejoining as an engine supplier in association with Ilmor in 1994.
Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in 1994 in a partnership with Ilmor, now called Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains. It supplied Sauber for one season, then switched to McLaren in 1995. In 2009 they also became suppliers of Brawn GP and Force India. Mercedes-Benz returned with a factory team in 2010 after the purchase of Brawn. A fourth team was added to the supplying program in 2014, Williams. For the 2015 season, the 20-year long partnership with McLaren ended. Instead, Mercedes supplied engines to the Lotus F1 team.
The manufacturer has collected more than 100 wins as engine supplier, and is ranked fourth in Formula One history. Three Constructors’ and four Drivers’ Championships have been won with Mercedes-Benz engines.
1. Sauber Motorsport Engine: Ferrari
Sauber Motorsport AG, trading as Sauber F1 Team is a Swiss Formula One team. It was founded in the 1970s by Peter Sauber, who progressed through hillclimbing and the World Sports Prototype Championship to reach Formula One in 1993.
Having not won a Grand Prix as an independent, the team was sold to BMW in 2005, and competed as BMW Sauber from 2006 to 2009, scoring one victory. At the end of the 2009 season, however, BMW pulled out of Formula One and the team’s future remained uncertain for several months, until it was sold back to Peter Sauber and granted a 2010 entry. However, due to issues with the Concorde Agreement, the team remained as “BMW Sauber” for the 2010 season.In March 2010, Peter Sauber announced plans to change the team name during the season, but the FIA announced that they would have to wait until the end of the season to change their name.From the beginning of the 2011 Formula One season the team dropped BMW from their name.
Peter Sauber currently owns a controlling 66.6% stake in the team, with the remainder belonging to CEO Monisha Kaltenborn, who has been a leading figure in the team since BMW’s withdrawal.
2. Lotus F1 Engine: Mercedes
Lotus F1 Team is a British Formula One racing team. The team has competed under the Lotus name since 2012, following the renaming of the former Renault team based at Enstone in Oxfordshire. Lotus F1 Team is owned by Luxembourg-based venture capital group Genii Capital.Lotus F1 Team is named after its branding partner Group Lotus. The team achieved a race victory and fourth position in the Formula One Constructors’ World Championship in their first season under the Lotus title.
3. Sahara Force India Engine: Mercedes
The Sahara Force India Formula One Team is a Formula One racing team based in Silverstone, United Kingdom with an Indian licence. The team was formed in October 2007 when a consortium led by Indian businessman Vijay Mallya and Michiel Mol bought the Spyker F1 team for €90 million.
After going through 29 races without scoring points, Force India won their first Formula One world championship points and podium place when Giancarlo Fisichella finished second in the 2009 Belgian Grand Prix,Force India scored points again in the following race when Adrian Sutil finished fourth, and set the team’s first fastest lap, at the Italian Grand Prix. The team’s other podium finishes to date were two third-places, in the 2014 Bahrain Grand Prix and the 2015 Russian Grand Prix, both achieved by Sergio Pérez.
In October 2011, Indian company Sahara India Pariwar, purchased 42.5% of Force India F1’s shares at US$100 million.
4. Scuderia Toro Rosso Engine: Renault
Scuderia Toro Rosso, commonly known as Toro Rosso or by its abbreviation STR, is an Italian Formula One racing team. It is one of two F1 teams owned by Austrian beverage company Red Bull, the other being Red Bull Racing. It made its racing debut in the 2006 Formula One season, after Paul Stoddart sold his remaining interest in the Minardi team at the end of 2005 to Red Bull’s owner, Dietrich Mateschitz, who subsequently struck a 50/50 joint-ownership deal with former F1 driver, Gerhard Berger, before the start of the season. In late November 2008, Red Bull regained total ownership of Toro Rosso after buying back Berger’s share of the team.
5. Manor Marussia Engine: Ferrari
The Manor Marussia F1 Team, formerly Marussia F1 Team, is a British Formula One racing team based in Banbury, Oxfordshire in the United Kingdom. The team is operated by Manor Motorsport (formally Marussia Manor Racing),which was previously a subsidiary of Marussia Motors, a now defunct sports car manufacturer which was based in Moscow.The team originally started racing in 2010 under the “Virgin Racing” name; the following year Virgin adopted Marussia as a title sponsor becoming “Marussia Virgin Racing” until being fully rebranded as the “Marussia F1 Team” for 2012.
The Marussia team scored its first championship points at the 2014 Monaco Grand Prix, where its leading driver, Jules Bianchi, finished ninth, in doing so Marussia became the first Russian licensed constructor to score world championship points.